Coyote hunting is the practice of pursuing and harvesting coyotes, which are medium-sized wild canines native to North America. It is a popular recreational activity for hunters and serves various purposes, including predator control, wildlife management, and population regulation. Coyotes are adaptable and resilient animals that can thrive in a wide range of habitats, including rural, suburban, and even urban areas. Because of their adaptability and increasing populations, coyote hunting has gained significance in many regions. Hunting coyotes can be done for different reasons like predator control, wildlife management, conservation efforts, recreation purpose, etc. When engaging in coyote hunting, it is essential to follow local hunting regulations, get permits or licenses, and practice ethical and responsible hunting methods. Hunters often use a variety of tools and techniques, including calls, decoys, camouflage clothing, and firearms appropriate for coyote hunting. Coyote hunting can be a valuable tool for wildlife management and a thrilling outdoor pursuit. However, it is crucial to approach it regarding the natural environment and a commitment to conservation practices to ensure the sustainability of both the coyote populations and the ecosystems they inhabit.
Dog Breeds Used For Coyote Hunting
While hunting coyotes, certain dog breeds have proven to be effective in assisting hunters. These breeds are known for their agility, speed, scenting abilities, and the courage to confront coyotes. Some dog breeds commonly used for coyote hunting include Plott Hound, American Foxhound, Greyhound, Treeing Walker Coonhound, American Pit Bull Terrier, etc. It is important to note that using dogs for coyote hunting may be regulated or restricted in certain areas. You should always check local hunting regulations and get permits or licenses before using dogs for hunting. However, responsible dog handling, training, and care are essential to ensure the well-being of the dogs involved in coyote hunting. In this article, you will come to know about different dog breeds used for hunting coyotes. Scroll down to know more.
1. American Staghound Dog
The American Staghound is indeed a dog breed that is commonly used for coyote hunting. However, it’s important to note that the American Staghound is not a recognized breed by major kennel clubs like the American Kennel Club (AKC) or The Federation Cynologique Internationale (FCI). Instead, it is a type of Sighthound that is bred specifically for hunting, particularly for pursuing and running down coyotes and other games. This dog breed is typically a crossbreed, combining various sight hound breeds, such as Greyhounds, Scottish Deerhounds, Salukis, and other similar breeds. These crosses are carefully selected to produce a dog with a combination of speed, endurance, scenting ability, and agility required for effective coyote hunting. The breeders of American Staghounds focus on creating dogs that have the physical attributes necessary for hunting, including a lean and muscular body, a deep chest for efficient lung capacity, long and powerful legs for speed, and keen eyesight. These dogs are often bred with an emphasis on preserving the desired hunting traits rather than conforming to specific breed standards. We know them for their exceptional running and chasing abilities, allowing them to pursue coyotes over long distances. They possess a strong prey drive and are often used in packs or with other hunting dogs to increase their effectiveness in tracking and cornering coyotes. It is important to remember that responsible breeding, training, and handling of any hunting dog, including the American Staghound, are essential to ensure their welfare and maximize their performance during coyote hunting activities. Hence, this dog breed can be used for coyote hunting.
2. Plott Hound Dog
The Plott Hound, also known as the Plott Coonhound, is a breed of dog that originated in the United States. It is a medium to large-sized scent hound primarily bred for hunting boar and other large game. The breed is known for its exceptional tracking abilities, endurance, and determination in pursuing its quarry. These dogs have a strong and muscular build. They have a sleek and glossy coat and can come in a variety of colours, including brindle (most common), black, yellow, and buckskin. They have a distinctive appearance, with their floppy ears, deep-set eyes, and a well-defined muzzle. Plott Hound dogs are medium to large-sized dogs. On average, males stand around 20 to 25 inches (51 to 64 cm) tall at the shoulder, while females are slightly smaller, measuring between 20 to 23 inches (51 to 58 cm). They typically weigh between 40 to 60 pounds (18 to 27 kg). We know Plott Hounds for their intelligence, loyalty, and tenacity. They are confident, alert, and courageous, making them excellent hunting companions. While they have a strong prey drive, they can also be gentle and affectionate with their families. They are good with children and can get along well with other dogs if properly socialized. Plott Hound dogs were developed to be proficient hunters, particularly in tracking and trailing games. They have an exceptional sense of smell and a strong work ethic. Their determination and stamina enable them to follow a scent for long distances, making them highly effective in tracking and treeing animals like foxes, coyotes, raccoons and bears. The United Kennel Club (UKC recognizes the Plott Hound dog breed). However, they are gaining popularity and recognition for their hunting abilities and are cherished by many dog enthusiasts and hunters alike. Thus, this breed can be used for coyote hunting.
3. English Greyhound Dog
The English Greyhound is a breed of dog that originated in England and is primarily known for its exceptional speed and agility. While the English Greyhound is traditionally associated with dog racing, it can also be used for hunting coyotes. These dogs are renowned for their incredible speed and agility. They have a lean and streamlined body built for running at high speeds. This enables them to chase and pursue fast-moving prey like coyotes. We classify these dogs as sighthounds, which means they primarily rely on their keen eyesight to track and chase prey. Their exceptional vision allows them to spot distant movement, making them well-suited for hunting coyotes that rely on speed and agility to evade predators. Despite their bursts of incredible speed, Greyhounds also possess good endurance. This stamina allows them to sustain a chase over long distances, which is helpful when pursuing coyotes that can cover large areas while attempting to escape. Greyhounds have a strong prey drive and an instinct for hunting. While they are often used in organized racing, many Greyhounds still keep their hunting abilities and can be trained to track and pursue games, including coyotes. It is important to note that hunting coyotes with Greyhounds requires proper training, experience, and adherence to local hunting regulations. However, using dogs for coyote hunting is a specialized activity that should only be undertaken by experienced hunters who can ensure the safety and well-being of both the dogs and the wildlife.
4. Mountain Cur Dog
The Mountain Cur is a versatile hunting dog breed that originated in the United States. Known for its tenacity, intelligence, and agility, we often use the Mountain Cur for various types of hunting, including hunting coyotes. Mountain Cur dogs are medium-sized dogs with a well-muscled and athletic build. They possess strength and power, which allows them to handle challenging terrain and engage in physical activities such as tracking and treeing coyotes. They have a keen sense of smell and exceptional tracking skills. They can pick up and follow the scent of coyotes over long distances, aiding in locating and trailing them during hunts. We know them for their bravery and determination. They are courageous dogs that will persistently pursue their quarry, even in the face of challenging circumstances. Their tenacity is helpful when hunting elusive and cunning predators like coyotes. Mountain Curs are intelligent dogs that are quick to learn and respond well to training. They can be easily trained to follow commands, work independently, and cooperate with their handlers during coyote hunting expeditions. It is important to note that hunting coyotes with dogs should be done legally and responsibly, following local hunting regulations and landowner permissions. Coyote hunting requires specific skills, experience, and equipment to ensure the safety and welfare of both the dogs and the hunters involved. Hence, this dog breed can be used for coyote hunting.
5. Black Mouth Cur Dog
The Black Mouth Cur is a versatile and energetic hunting dog breed that originated in the southern United States. Known for its tracking skills, endurance, and protective nature, the Black Mouth Cur is often used for various types of hunting, including coyote hunting. Black Mouth Curs have a strong sense of smell and excellent tracking abilities. They can pick up the scent of coyotes and follow their trails with determination and focus. They are courageous and fearless dogs. They exhibit a high level of tenacity, which enables them to confront and pursue coyotes, even in challenging situations. We know these dogs for their protective instincts. They are fiercely loyal to their families and possess a strong desire to protect them from potential threats. This protective nature can be an asset when hunting coyotes, as they will defend their handlers if necessary. Black Mouth Curs are versatile hunting dogs that can adapt to various terrains and game types. We often utilize them for hunting not only coyotes but also hogs, raccoons, and other game animals. Their versatility makes them well-suited for different hunting environments. However, coyote hunting requires specific skills, experience, and equipment to ensure the safety and welfare of both the dogs and the hunters involved.
6. Kangal Shepherd Dog
The Kangal Shepherd Dog, also known as the Kangal, is a large and powerful breed that originates from Turkey. While the Kangal is primarily bred for livestock guarding, it’s protective instincts and formidable size make it potentially suitable for certain aspects of coyote management, including deterring or protecting livestock from coyote predation. They are large, muscular dogs with a strong build. They are known for their imposing presence and are capable of providing protection against potential threats due to their size and strength. Kangals have a strong protective instinct, which is an important trait for their traditional role as livestock guardians. They are naturally inclined to defend their territory, including livestock and property, from predators. Kangals are adaptable dogs that can adjust to various environmental conditions. They have been raised in diverse landscapes, including rugged terrains, and are known for their ability to navigate and thrive in different settings. While the Kangal Shepherd Dog may possess some qualities that could make it suitable for certain aspects of coyote management, it’s essential to consider that the breed’s primary purpose is livestock guarding and hunting. Therefore, this dog breed can be used for coyote hunting.
7. Irish Wolfhound Dog
The Irish Wolfhound is a large and ancient breed that originated in Ireland. While historically the Irish Wolfhound was primarily used for hunting large game, such as wolves, coyotes, and deer. Irish Wolfhounds are one of the tallest dog breeds and possess a powerful and muscular build. They have the size and strength to engage with large game animals. These dogs are classified as sighthounds, relying on their keen eyesight and speed to track and chase prey. They are known for their ability to spot and pursue games over long distances. Despite their imposing size, Irish Wolfhounds are generally known for their gentle and affectionate nature. They are often described as gentle giants and typically have a calm and friendly demeanour. Hence, this dog breed can be used for coyote hunting.
8. Dogo Argentino Dog
The Dogo Argentino is a dog breed that was originally developed in Argentina for big-game hunting, including hunting wild boar and puma. They are known for their versatility and adaptability in various hunting tasks, including hunting coyotes. The Dogo Argentino is a large and powerful breed with a muscular build. They have a strong prey drive and were bred to be courageous, tenacious, and protective. These traits make them well-suited for hunting tasks, as they have the physical strength and determination to pursue and apprehend game. When used for coyote hunting, Dogo Argentinos are typically employed in packs or small groups. They work together to track and corner the coyote until the hunter arrives. The breed’s strong protective instinct also makes them effective at keeping livestock safe from predators like coyotes. It is important to note that coyote hunting regulations and practices vary depending on the region. Some areas may have restrictions on hunting certain animals or require specific permits. It’s always advisable to familiarize yourself with local laws and regulations before engaging in any form of hunting. Thus, this breed can be used for coyote hunting.
9. Sarplaninac Dog
The Sarplaninac, also known as the Yugoslavian Shepherd Dog or the Macedonian Shepherd Dog, is a large and powerful livestock guardian breed originating from the Sar Mountains in the Balkans. While the primary role of the Sarplaninac is to guard livestock, they are also capable of being effective in hunting tasks, including hunting coyotes. This dog breed has a strong protective instinct and is known for its loyalty and territorial nature. These traits make them well-suited for guarding livestock from predators, including coyotes. However, their effectiveness as a hunting dog for coyotes may vary depending on various factors such as individual temperament, training, and specific hunting techniques employed. When used for coyote hunting, Sarplaninac dogs are often used in pairs or small groups. They patrol the area, deter predators, and protect livestock from potential threats. Their imposing size and strong-willed nature can intimidate and deter coyotes from approaching the flock. It is important to note that while the Sarplaninac can be used for coyote hunting, the breed’s primary purpose and traditional role are as livestock guardians. Their focus is on protecting and defending the flock rather than actively pursuing and capturing prey. However, hunting regulations and practices may vary by region, so it’s essential to familiarize yourself with local laws before engaging in any form of hunting.
10. Tosa Inu Dog
The Tosa Inu, also known as the Tosa Ken or Japanese Mastiff, is a large and powerful dog breed that originated in Japan. While the Tosa Inu is historically known for its involvement in dog fighting, it is not typically used for coyote hunting or other forms of hunting. The Tosa Inu was developed in the late 19th century as a fighting breed by crossing various Western dog breeds, such as the Mastiff, Bulldog, and German Pointer, with Japanese breeds like the Shikoku Inu and the Tosa fighting dog. Their breeding focused on producing powerful and formidable dogs for the purpose of dog fighting. Although the Tosa Inu has physical strength and endurance, it does not possess the specific traits and skills required for the effective hunting of wild animals like coyotes. Their temperament and breeding were not geared towards hunting tasks, but rather for dog fighting and guarding. It is important to remember that using dogs for hunting, especially for large predators like coyotes, requires specific training, skills, and the right breed characteristics. Breeds specifically bred for hunting, such as various types of hounds or working breeds, are generally more suitable and effective for these purposes. Hence, this dog breed can be used for coyote hunting.
11. Akbash Dog
The Akbash is a large and powerful livestock guardian dog breed originating from Turkey. While the primary role of the Akbash is to protect livestock from predators, including coyotes. Akbash dogs are renowned for their protective and territorial instincts. They have been used for centuries in Turkey to guard livestock, including sheep and goats, against predators like wolves and coyotes. Akbash dogs are known for their independent and intelligent nature, as well as their courage and loyalty. When it comes to coyote hunting, Akbash dogs are often employed as deterrents. They patrol the boundaries of the livestock’s territory and act as a presence that deters coyotes from approaching. Their imposing size, strength, and loud bark can intimidate and discourage predators. While Akbash dogs may exhibit some hunting behaviours, such as chasing or barking at coyotes, their primary role is to protect and guard rather than actively engage in hunting and capturing prey. Their focus is on maintaining a safe environment for the livestock under their care. It is worth noting that the effectiveness of using Akbash dogs for coyote control may vary depending on various factors, including individual temperament, training, and the specific circumstances of the situation. However, it is important to consider and comply with local regulations and laws regarding the use of dogs for predator control or hunting purposes.
12. Komondor Dog
The Komondor is a large and powerful livestock guardian dog breed originating from Hungary. While the Komondor is primarily known for its role in guarding livestock, it is not typically used for the active hunting of coyotes. These dogs are bred and trained to protect livestock, including sheep and cattle, from predators such as wolves and coyotes. They have a distinctive corded coat that provides insulation and helps them blend in with their flock. Komondors are known for their independence, loyalty, and strong protective instincts. While Komondors may exhibit some chase or confrontational behaviour towards coyotes, their primary role is to protect and guard rather than actively hunt or capture prey. They are not specifically bred or trained for the purpose of coyote hunting. It is important to note that using any breed of dog for hunting, especially for large predators like coyotes, requires careful consideration, proper training, and adherence to local regulations. It’s advisable to consult with experts or local authorities to determine the most appropriate and legal methods for controlling coyotes in your area.