8 Dog Breeds That Are Extinct

Extinct dog cover

The course of life is such that either you evolve or you perish. For millions of years, various species have been slowly adapting and changing their physical aspects to survive to new challenges and they have been able to do so with each succession and those who failed, are no longer around. However, this is a natural process without human intervention, but as you might be familiar that dogs have been bred by humans and this altered them tremendously. As some breed’s usefulness minimized so did their breeding and finally, they faded out of existence. Though there might’ve been other reasons for these hounds to go extinct, the truth is unknown.

Dog Breeds that went extinct

For the newer generation, including myself, these might not be so relatable as these were non-existent even before our birth. However, it is hard to imagine how the previous generations may have reacted when they must’ve got to know that these cute hounds were gone for good. Either the case, these are the extinct dogs. [1]Reader’s Digest

1. Paisley Terrier: As you can tell from their name, they were a type of terrier and were small-sized pooches. It is stated that these tiny but long-haired dogs were loved by many, especially ladies, and were always a part of glamorous dog shows. While it has the name of a terrier, it didn’t have the body to back up the working demands, instead, it preferred to lay by its owners, and having a non-aggressive temperament didn’t help it in the working world either. It is said that these used to win pretty much all the dog shows, and this was one reason that slowly led to its decline in popularity and lastly, their long coat that reached its feet required serious maintenance and people weren’t up for such expenses. The breed’s number was already at a decline before the first world war, after the war, no records of the breed were found.

Paisley Terrier extinct

Paisley Terrier sketch

2. Norfolk Spaniel: These used to exist in the world until 1903, and their extinction is the result of human greed and desire. These big-boned and long-legged spaniels were originally used in bird hunting. Being hunting-oriented, these were not considered good with children and were very stubborn while showing signs of aggression, despite that they used to get attached to their owners and often suffered separation anxiety. Due to their strong hunting abilities, people started crossbreeding them to transfer this prowess into other breeds as well, however, by the beginning of the 20th century, people had become so fixated on creating the English Spaniel that keeping Norfolk numbers high was completely ignored and soon they disappeared.

Norfolk Spaniel extinct

A sketch showing an active Norfolk Spaniel

3. White English terrier: Two theories are talked about when it comes to this breed’s origins. The first one states that dog fanciers wanted a working terrier but with shorter and pointy ears, while the second theory suggests that these were unintentionally originated during the breedings. Once again humans are to blame for their extinction, as an inbreeding method was used to create these dogs that led them to be born deaf, and slowly this became genetically imbued in the breed, despite that people kept on breeding them that led to further health problems. For these factors, they were not good at hunting and were instead used as show dogs or by farmers but other than that people didn’t found any use for them and their popularity declined. As for their temperament, these used to be calm and affectionate dogs, because of the health issues these were hard to train and preferred sleeping or getting pets instead of staying outside.

White English terrier extinct

A photograph of a White English

4. Turnspit Dog: This dog had perhaps one of the saddest lives in the doggy world. While other hunting or guard dogs were at least chasing prey or was outside watching over the livestock, this poor pooch was specifically bred to run in a wheel for cooking meat. As their reputation was of a kitchen utensil working in smokey and hot compartments, no one wanted to keep them as pets as they said it was a messy dog, only poor who couldn’t afford much was known to keep them as pets. Given their hard-working nature these dogs were extremely gentle and loyal, they wouldn’t complain much and used to work for long hours. Thankfully, their misery came to an end when machines were invented in the 1850s and contraptions replaced these pooches. Soon after these dogs were deemed useless and they went extinct, this is one breed I’m glad went extinct because of how terrible they were treated, truly goes to show the vile and selfish nature of humans.

Turnspit Dog extinct

A sketch of Turnspit Dog

5. Tahltan Bear Dog: Though these were small dogs that appeared very cute and if they were present today one would simply want to lift them, these were hunting dogs at their heart and very good ones at that. Given their size these were never used as a single dog, they were almost always in a pack in which they used to surround the animal, take them down or wait for the hunter to strike. Used by the Tahltan Indians in Canada and they got their name from this and also their ability to take down much larger game than themselves such as bears, elks, and big cats. Extremely courageous when it came to hunting as you can tell by their prey yet they were attached to their owners. Ultimately, these became extinct when Europeans brought new breeds into these regions and slowly people stopped breeding them opting for other dogs.

Tahltan Bear Dog extinct

A sketch of Tahltan Bear Dog facing the other side

6. Hare-Indian dog: Originated in the 18th century in Canada and the United States, these were primarily used as hunting dogs. While their true origin is unclear, it is believed that these resulted from breeding Viking’s dog with the previously mentioned Tahltan Bear dogs. In 1984, researchers examined their preserved DNA and found that they had the genetics of coyotes, wolves, and some other domesticated dog breeds. Though these were strict hunting dogs, their temperament is said to be loving and affectionate as they were extremely playful. The reason for their extinct is like others, lack of their usefulness, while they were excelling at hunting with each succession, firearms were becoming more accurate and quick, ultimately, hunters had no use left for these hounds and they went extinct.

Hare-Indian dog extinct

Hare-Indian dog sketch in the mountains

7. Braque du Puy: Sleek, agile, and flexible dog that was used for hunting in the French lowlands. Additionally, these hounds possessed a greater sense of smell than other dogs which allowed them to even pick on faint scents and they used to follow or track prey for many hours. Their temperament was calm and gentle yet they were playful and extremely affectionate to their owners. The idiotic trend of crossbreeding started their decline and due to the lack of conservation of the original species, these went extinct.

Braque du Puy extinct

A painting of Braque du Puy

8. Bullenbeisser: Also known as the German bulldog, their origins date back to 370 A.D. in Germany when Assyrians came to Europe and they needed a hunting and fighting dog. They were used as guard dogs and later as hunting dogs to take down larger games. As expected being used in hunting and fighting, they would exhibit aggression, however, these were extremely loyal and even playful with their owners. Just like the previous breed, crossbreeding led to their decline and slowly no Bullenbeisser was to be seen by the early 1900s but this gave us the Boxer breed.

Bullenbeisser extinct

A sketch of Bullenbeisser

These eight hounds became extinct because of our erratic and selfish decisions. Previous generations treated these hounds not as pets but as tools and once their usefulness was fulfilled or reduced they simply replaced them with newer breeds. This makes us reach a dreadful thought as to what breed will be next to go extinct?


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